• Marzano's Nine Instructional Strategies for Effective Teaching and Learning
    1. Identifying Similarities and Differences

    The ability to break a concept into its similar and dissimilar characteristics

    allows students to understand (and often solve) complex problems by

    analyzing them in a more simple way. Teachers can either directly present

    similarities and differences, accompanied by deep discussion and inquiry, or

    simply ask students to identify similarities and differences on their own.

    While teacher-directed activities focus on identifying specific items, student directed

    activities encourage variation and broaden understanding, research

    shows. Research also notes that graphic forms are a good way to represent

    similarities and differences.


    * Use Venn diagrams or charts to compare and classify items.

    * Engage students in comparing, classifying, and creating

    metaphors and analogies.