Marzano's Nine Instructional Strategies for Effective Teaching and Learning1. Identifying Similarities and Differences
The ability to break a concept into its similar and dissimilar characteristics
allows students to understand (and often solve) complex problems by
analyzing them in a more simple way. Teachers can either directly present
similarities and differences, accompanied by deep discussion and inquiry, or
simply ask students to identify similarities and differences on their own.
While teacher-directed activities focus on identifying specific items, student directed
activities encourage variation and broaden understanding, research
shows. Research also notes that graphic forms are a good way to represent
similarities and differences.
* Use Venn diagrams or charts to compare and classify items.
* Engage students in comparing, classifying, and creating
metaphors and analogies.