Marzano's Nine Instructional Strategies for Effective Teaching
7. Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback
Setting objectives can provide students with a direction for their learning.
Goals should not be too specific; they should be easily adaptable to students'
* Set a core goal for a unit, and then encourage students to
personalize that goal by identifying areas of interest to them.
Questions like "I want to know" and "I want to know more
about . . ." get students thinking about their interests and
actively involved in the goal-setting process.
* Use contracts to outline the specific goals that students must
attain and the grade they will receive if they meet those goals.
Research shows that feedback generally produces positive results. Teachers
can never give too much; however, they should manage the form that
* Make sure feedback is corrective in nature; tell students how
they did in relation to specific levels of knowledge. Rubrics are
a great way to do this.
* Keep feedback timely and specific.
* Encourage students to lead feedback sessions.